In no moment in history in nursing practice in the United States of America has been the nursing profession confronted with such a set of issues like the ones it faces these days – challenges that those who lead the profession have to nursing homework help confront – or have to confront and manage if the nursing practice is to avoid the threat of becoming irrelevant or even extinction.
There are a variety of factors that make up the main ingredients of the difficulties facing nurses in the present and include in order of severity technological advancement as well as health reforms, growing workloads, increased longevity of patients, rising demand for professional services and a growing labor shortages.
Technology is the most significant problem facing nurses today due to the rapid growth of technology, which is already having an impact that is revolutionary and profound on the delivery of health care across a range of fields, such as processor speed, capacity and performance, as well as the growth interactivity user interfaces images, image storage, transfer, and telecommunications technology, as well as the rising cost that personal computers offer. Rapid technological developments in these areas has resulted in the rapid growth of applications based on information technology. Likewise, technological advances have led to the growth of telemedicine and telehealth that brings patient and doctor closer together, with no physical contact.
Nanotechnology has brought new forms and has revolutionized treatment and diagnosis of a variety of ailments using equipment that is inexpensive and is capable of detecting various illnesses. In addition, radical improvements in the accessibility of medical information have improved outcomes and the management of medical care through an electronic medical records replacing the traditional systems for documentation.
The Internet has been able to provide consumers with information previously available only to doctors only, while e-commerce has now become an everyday process of transacting healthcare products and services and thereby ushering in an age of the educated consumer which is ensuring that today’s patients are well-informed consumers, with a certain degree of involvement in decisions that affect their health care for their families and friends. As a result, consumers are becoming more knowledgeable and aware about health promotion and health prevention, and have growing acceptance and demand for alternatives and complementary options for health.
Another challenge for the nursing profession today is to do with population changes in the United States which have affected the health care needs of patients and nursing practice. Due to advances in the field of public health and medical care and research, there has been an accelerated rise in lifespan and life expectancy, and the expectation is that, by the year 2020, more than 20 % of American populace will age over 65 and older than 85 making up the fastest-growing age category.
The increasing number of elderly patients adds strain to the nursing workforce as nurses will now have to deal only more chronic or acute illnesses that will test the health system’s capacity to offer effective and efficient continuing health care, but also more terminal and palliative instances. The difficulty of the old age impact on nursing is due to an increased demand for intellectual proficiency and mental agility to deal with the current patients with their complicated new requirements.
A shortage of workers is another issue that nurses face. Nursing staff, as well as their patients, ageing and a lot of nurses choosing the most appealing nursing facilities, pharmaceutical and biotechnological businesses and outpatient treatment facilities the consequent exodus has increased the pressure on the current pool of nurses. The issue is made worse by the decreasing numbers of new admissions to nursing schools because of a shortage of education facilities. Nursing education enrollment has been declining every calendar year from 1995. In 2002, it was reported that over 55,000 prospective students were rejected due to space limitations and faculty shortages.
In addition it is the year 2010. Health health reforms and stimulus packages translate to a greater percentage of people able to access medicare, and has resulted in shifting more burdens on already overworked health care worker.