Formic acid scientifically called methanoic acid is the most basic form of carboxylic acid and also a aldehyde, Its chemical blueprint is HCOOH or HCO2H. Its name derives from the Latin expression for ant, which is formica, because of its early isolation by the refinement of ant bodies. It can be naturally accessed in the venom of bees and ant stings and is also a key intermediate in chemical synthesisand ester can be taken from it named formate.
Methanoic acid is primarily used in the food industry as a additive and antibacterial solution in livestock provisions. It also used for spraying on fresh hay or other silage, to eliminate certain decay agents and cause the feed to further preserve its nutritional properties, so it is widely used to maintain winter feed for cattle. It is sometimes added to poultry feed to eradicate salmonella bacteria.
Outside of the food business Formic acid is also used within the chemical sector as a primary source for a formyl group for example in the formylation of methylaniline to N-methylformanilide in toluene and in synthetic organic chemistry, as a supplier of hydride ion and also as a originator of hydrogen in the hydrogenation production. It is used to fabricate organic latex into raw rubber. Beekeepers employ formic acid as a pesticide against the Tracheal (Acarapis woodi) mite and the Varroa mite. It is also utilized in the textile industry for tanning leather.
Some formate esters are unnatural flavorings or perfumes as well as an effective element in some kinds of household lime scale remover. It is used in laboratories as a solution modifier for HPLC and CE separations of peptides and proteins, particularly Acidaburn when the sample is being prepared for mass spectrometry analysis. Formic acid has also been reportedly used to make fuel cells.
Like formic acid, another chemical called oxalic acid can be used by beekeepers as a miticide against the parasitic Varroa mite. Oxalic acid is a chemical substance known as a dicarboxylic acid which is a colorless solid which is around 3,000 times more potent than acetic acid. Oxalic acid is mainly found as the dihydrate and along with oxalates are found plentiful in many plants. Oxalic acid’s is particularly used as a cleaning or bleaching solution, mainly for pulpwood and for the extraction of rust or iron from minerals samples. Many domestic chemical products contain oxalic acid, especially rust proofing treatments. About 25% of the oxalic acid produced is used as a acerbic acid in the dyeing processes. Oxalic acid is also an essential reagent in lanthanide chemistry.
Oxalic acid is also used for restoring old wood. It is used for its reducing qualities in platinotype and the premature photographic platinum/palladium printing practice. Six percent of oxalic acid, known as vaporized oxalic acid, is utilized in sugar syrup. Hydrated lanthanide oxalates forms quickly in strongly acid solution in a densely crystalline easily filtered form, mainly free of contamination by non-lanthanide elements. When lanthanide oxalates is heated up and metal oxalates decays it is converted to the oxides, which are the most popular form in which the lanthanides are marketed.
The main health hazard of formic acid is exposure to skin and eye from concentrated vapor or liquid. Most of formic acid is not ignitable and diluted formic acid is on the US Food and Drug Administration list of food additives. Formic acid can be easily metabolized and eliminated by the body even though its poisons can still cause problems. The formic acid and formaldehyde developed as metabolites of methanol are responsible for optic nerve damage which causes blindness seen in methanol poison. There are also some chronic effects associated with formic acid displayed in test which have displayed as a mutagen. Chronic exposure may ultimately lead to liver or kidney illness and skin reactions that appear after re-exposure to the chemical.